Internet of things
The Internet of Things refers to uniquely identifiable objects (things) and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure.
Imagine a world where everything can be both analogue and digitally approached - reformulates our relationship with objects – things- as well as the objects themselves.
Any object that carries an RFID tag relates not only to you, but also through being read by a RFID reader nearby, to other objects, relations or values in a database.
An alternative view, from the world of the Semantic Web focuses instead on making all things (not just those electronic, smart, or RFID-enabled) addressable by the existing naming protocols, such as URI.
The “Internet of Things and Services” embraces a range of exciting internet-enabled technologies for individual life/work-style support as well as an opportunity for commercial and business exploitation of emerging technology platforms.
The key enabling research and commercially available technologies that underpin the Internet of Things & Services paradigm include:
- middleware and service-oriented architectures,
- Radio Frequency Identification,
- sensor networking technologies,
- semantic data fusion,
- semantic-cooperative generalisation ontologies for selection and integration of services,
- embedded intelligence.
The Internet of Services vision for business applications has been largely driven by Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) as the de-facto architecture.
Functionalities include: localization, sensing, identification,networking, processing and security, connectivity, applications, integration and the availability to communicate between objects.